Landscape design is an art and an independent profession, practised mainly by landscape architects, incorporating art and science, blending culture, and creating the environment. In modern professional practice, landscape architecture blends the art of architecture with the science of landscape design. It aims to create places and environments that are as appealing and usable as possible, in harmony with their surroundings. This can be accomplished through aesthetic design, site planning, site assessment and research, and implementation. Thus, a landscape architect must combine art and science in a meaningful way to achieve functional, aesthetic and ecological objectives.
A landscape architect should be concerned with the form, texture, scale, beauty and well-being of the whole environment. He should plan and produce a functional landscape in harmony with its surrounding structure, considering views, light, ground surface, climate and other existing features. He should use his knowledge of architecture, botany, climate and urban planning, together with his skills and creativity, to design an attractive and functional landscape. The landscape designer may work with the local planning authority, acting as an advisory board or managing an on-site team to get the best local outcomes for his project.
CatnikDesignStudio landscape design Adelaide aims to create and maintain a visually pleasing environment using basic landscape design techniques, such as formulating an overall theme, using selected architectural styles, materials and colours, developing the site and interacting with other landscape designers. The aesthetic beauty of the finished landscape depends mainly on the harmony of the various landscape design processes, together with accurate knowledge and understanding of the local physical environment. Landscape architecture often seeks to fulfill a need in the local environment. For example, the planting of trees can provide shade and help regulate temperatures and wind patterns, reducing appliances such as air conditioning. A carefully planned blend of plant life and architectural style can create a distinctive environment, giving a strong sense of place.
In addition to landscape design and landscape architecture, three important aspects are often ignored or undervalued: prevention of damage, efficient utilization of existing resources, and site maintenance. Preventive maintenance is the most important aspect of any landscape design and involves the careful development of strategies to prevent visible and invisible damage to the property. Such damage can result from many factors, such as soil erosion, runoff, stormwater run-off, ground subsidence, and vandalism. In addition, preventive landscape maintenance includes regular inspections and adjustments to ensure that the project meets standards of maintenance that have been determined by professional organizations such as the National Landscape Association.
Efficient utilization of existing resources is another essential element of an effective landscape design. CatnikDesignStudio landscape design Adelaide always aims to match the size and shape of buildings to the land’s characteristics within the site’s constraints. While this often considers the available space, some landscaping elements may actually over-populate a site with plants and shrubs to make more room. The result can be less than attractive landscape design and the added cost of necessary replacement. A landscaping company may recommend plantings that will naturally complement the site’s characteristics to utilize existing resources effectively. For example, planting trees away from buildings can be an excellent way to reduce green construction costs while still providing a beautiful focal point for landscape design.
A final factor that is often overlooked is the importance of keeping the site’s drainage properly maintained. Stormwater runoff should never enter into the garden area or other sensitive areas of the landscape plan. This area should also be kept dry and clean of debris to reduce damage from seepage. Maintaining the site and landscape plan with periodic site inspections and adjustments is essential to the project’s success. By paying attention to each of these elements of a successful landscape design, you can be certain that your dream garden is a reality and one that you and your family will love for years to come.